Learning Chinese at Stamford

让学生慢慢爱上汉语——斯坦福学校的汉语学习

作为一位汉语老师,以前常听到学生抱怨“中文好难!”,甚至有学生直接甩出一句“我讨厌中文!”听到这些,心里真的非常非常难过。但是,这两年我发现这样的抱怨在斯坦福学校慢慢变少了,有越来越多的学生不再排斥中文,还有的学生慢慢喜欢上了中文。

怎么把中文变得不难学?怎么让学生喜欢学中文?是我一直在思考的问题。虽然是一名对外汉语专业的毕业生,在来印尼之前也有过一些汉语教学经验,但是印尼特殊的文化背景和语言环境,以及学习对象的差异,在印尼的汉语教学让我面临了极大挑战。尤其是在最初的阶段,面对全新的教学环境,没有任何同事前辈的指导,只能靠自己慢慢摸索。

教材取舍和改编

学校使用的中文教材是来自新加坡的《小学华文》和《中学华文》,教材的很多内容都是以新加坡历史文化为依据编写的,对于没有新加坡文化知识的印尼学生而言,学习这样的教材是很有难度的。通过学校各位中文教师的经验和讨论,我们做出降低学习难度的决定。学习同样的教材,但是把学习难度降低,有针对性地选择适合印尼学生学习的课文篇章,或者只把课本作为语言点的学习工具,教师根据语言点改编适合印尼孩子学习的文本。同时,根据学生汉语水平的差异,选择《跟我学汉语》这套比较适合汉语水平较弱的学生学习的教材。

学生水平的差异

由于学生汉语水平有差异,我们从小学四年级开始进行分班教学,汉语水平较好的学生继续学习《小学华文》,剩下的一部分学生则学习《跟我学汉语》教材。教师根据学生的差异制定不一样的学习目标和学校方案。

学习兴趣的培养

兴趣是最好的老师。提高学生的汉语学习兴趣是汉语教学的重中之重。我们不断地创新教学方法,引进新型的教学手段,通过各种有趣的课堂游戏,生动的多媒体PPT、视频动画,运用iPad以及其他教学软件进行教学。不再拘泥于传统的老师说,学生听的教学模式。把iPad运用到中文教学里是我校最新推广的一项教学手段,学生可以运用ipad特有的软件对所学内容进行有效地练习,学生也可以将学过的汉语知识制作成各种小游戏等等。多样化的教学手段,让学生感到汉语学习是其乐无穷的。

小学四年级正在用ipad搜索查询中文资料

汉语语言环境的创立

汉语语言环境的缺乏,除了少数学生因为有家人有会说汉语,在家里也有机会使用汉语。大部分学生只有在上中文课时才有机会练习中文。说得少,用得少,自然是很难把汉语学好的。为了给学生创设更多更好地汉语学习环境,我们举办各种汉语文化活动和比赛,如春节文化庆祝活动,中秋节制作月饼、制作灯笼、中文卡拉ok歌唱比赛,中文讲故事比赛,并每年组织学生参加在中国举办的冬令营和夏令营活动。

通过所有汉语教师的齐心协力,斯坦福学校的汉语教学工作正在不断提升,学生的学习热情也越来越高。学校的每一位汉语老师会继续努力,把我们的汉语教学做得更好更有吸引力,让越来越多的学生正真地爱上汉语,学好汉语。


 

Let Our Students Fall in Love with Mandarin – Learning Chinese at Stamford School

English translation by Dr. Peter Darmawan
(Note: “Chinese” in the article below refers to the Chinese language.)

In the past, as a Chinese language teacher, I often hear students complain “Chinese is difficult!” and occasionally “I hate Chinese!”. Needless to say, upon hearing all these, I felt really sad. However, after two years, I realized that the student complaints are getting lesser, more and more students are more receptive to the Chinese and better still, some students are slowly falling in love with the Chinese language.

How to make Chinese easy to learn? How to make students like Chinese? These are questions that I always think about. Although my university degree is in teaching Chinese for foreign learners and have prior teaching experience before coming to Indonesia, the unique culture and language environment as well as differences in the type of students has presented me a big challenge in teaching Chinese. Moreover, in the beginning when I arrived, I faced a brand new learning environment and there was no colleagues or seniors that can give me guidance. The only choice I have was to slowly figure it out on my own.

Teaching materials selection and adaptation

The school uses teaching materials from Singapore <<Primary Chinese>> and <<Secondary Chinese>>. The teaching materials are prepared based on the culture and history of Singapore’s perspective. For Indonesian students who are not familiar with the culture and history of Singapore, learning these materials added the degree of difficulty. I discussed together with my other Chinese teacher colleagues on how we can reduce the learning difficulty. We then decided to teach from the same teaching materials but with reduced learning difficulty by a targeted approach of selecting materials and relating it to the Indonesian culture. Another way is to use the main language points described in the textbook and adapt it to be suitable and relatable to Indonesian students. At the same time, acknowledging the difference in Chinese language capability of our students, we have selected <<Learn Chinese With Me>> for those students who are weaker in Chinese.

The difference in students’ Chinese language capability

Due to the difference in the students’ Chinese language capability, from Primary 4 onwards, we have banded the students based on their language capability. Those who are better at the language will continue to learn <<Primary Chinese>> while those who needs a little more help will learn <<Learn Chinese with Me>>. The Chinese teachers will have a different learning objectives and approach in the two groups.

Nurturing the love for learning

幼儿园的小班运用ipad学习中文

Our own interest is the best teacher. Enhancing the interest of students towards the Chinese language is the most important factor in learning Chinese. We have been constantly evolving our teaching methodology and bringing in new teaching approaches through various interesting class games, animated power point slides, video animations, iPad lessons and using various software and applications for learning. We have evolved past the traditional way of teaching where students just sit and listen to the teacher. The use of iPad for Chinese language lessons is one of the latest initiatives by our school as useful teaching methodology. Students can use the applications on the iPad to practice and learn new materials effectively. In addition, students can also create their own games based on what they have learned previously. The various teaching approaches will eventually make our students feel that learning Chinese is really fun.

Creating an indusive Chinese language environment

There is an inherent lack of Chinese speaking environment because the number of students with family members who can speak Chinese is still very little thus only a small number of students have the opportunity to use Chinese at home. Most of our students only have chance to use and practice Chinese only during Chinese lessons in school. Because we talk very little and use very little, it is only natural that the learning of Chinese becomes difficult. Therefore, in order to create better and more Chinese speaking environment, we have organized various Chinese language related activities and competitions such as Chinese New Year celebration, making moon cakes during Mid-Autumn festival, making lanterns, Chinese Karaoke competition, Chinese storytelling competition and sending our students to participate in various summer and winter camps organized by the China government.

Through the concerted efforts of the Chinese teachers, the work of Stamford School Chinese Department is increasing and consequently, students’ enthusiasm for learning is also increasing. Every Chinese teacher in the school will continue to work hard to improve our teaching skills and make Chinese attractive to our students. We hope that more and more students will truly love Chinese and learn Chinese well.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s